• support@tobst-cn.com
  • admin@tobst-cn.com

Read Full Article, Click the Download Button

[This article belongs to Volume - 57, Issue - 05]

Abstract : The present study evaluated the physico-chemical quality of water from three natural springs, Harireche, Ben Daoud, and Beskoui in Souk Ahras region. This study aimed to assess the impact of human activities on spring water quality and ensure the safety of water consumption. We measured various parameters, such as, temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, turbidity, hardness, nitrate, nitrite, ammonium, phosphate, calcium, and magnesium. The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) explained 80.14% of the total variance, which revealed significant correlations among the measured variables. The results indicated that temperature and pH levels across the sites were moderate, with Harireche exhibiting the highest average temperature and slightly acidic pH due to dense vegetation. Ben Daoud and Beskoui, influenced by human activities, showed higher dissolved oxygen and electrical conductivity levels, indicating increased mineralization and pollution from agricultural runoff and livestock contaminants. Nitrate and nitrite levels were significantly higher at Ben Daoud and Beskoui, reflecting the impact of nearby human activities, while Harireche showed lower concentrations. The elevated ammonium and phosphate levels at Ben Daoud and Beskoui highlighted the influence of agricultural practices and urban proximity. Calcium and magnesium concentrations were highest at Beskoui, attributed to geological formations and mineral dissolution during the rainy season. Turbidity levels varied, with Ben Daoud and Beskoui showing higher turbidity due to runoff and waste infiltration, whereas Harireche remained relatively clear. The findings emphasize the need for continuous monitoring and management of water resources to mitigate pollution effects and ensure safe water quality. Protective measures are essential, particularly in areas affected by agricultural and urban activities, to preserve the health and safety of local water supplies.