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[This article belongs to Volume - 57, Issue - 05]

Abstract : Algerians possess unique expertise in the utilization, administration, and preservation of botanical resources, which imparts a varied nature to traditional medicine. Documentation and research on the traditional and cultural utilization to medicinal plants are crucial for extracting bioactive compounds and conserving plant species. However, this traditional knowledge will disappear if no measures are taken to preserve it. Present is the study to bring together the ethnobotanical knowledge of traditional practitioners and inhabitants of the Setif region (Estern Algeria) of medicinal plants. The ethnobotanical survey was conducted among 206 Women and 150 traditional practitioners over a period of 6 months using questionnaire designed for the purpose. The study enabled us to identify 44 species belonging to 23 families. Leaves were reported to be the most used parts (37%), while majority of the formulations were prepared as infusions, powders and maceration (39%, 25% and 21%). Remedies are applied orally (53%) or external (40%). Salvia officinalis L and Vitex agnus-castus L were the most frequently cited plants with a citation frequency of 12% and a fidelity level of 100%. According to Med. IARs: The values of the IARs med. obtained revealed that 5 species out of 44 have maximum values equal to 1. The calculated values of ICF for female infertility treated by the local population of the region showed a maximum value equal to 0.95, this category of diseases was treated with all the species identified in the surveys (44 species). The results obtained constitute a source of information concerning the medicinal fora of the region, which could be a database for further research aiming at inventorying the medicinal plants of all regions of Algeria and exploring their composition.