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[This article belongs to Volume - 57, Issue - 05]

Abstract : This study presents a comprehensive assessment of mammalian fauna diversity in the Mila region of northeastern Algeria. Utilizing data from 81 sampling stations across various habitats, 20 mammal species spanning eight orders were identified. These findings represent 18% of Algeria's reported species and approximately 9.09% in the Mediterranean Basin. Diverse orders such as Carnivora, Rodentia, Eulipotyphla, Cetartiodactyla, Chiroptera, Lagomorpha, Macroscelidea, and Primates highlight the region's ecological richness and adaptability of mammals. Spatial distribution maps reveal varying presence levels and ecological impacts, influenced by habitat type and human activity. Conservation assessments, based on IUCN criteria, highlight species of concern, including the Eurasian Otter (NT), Striped Hyena (NT), and Barbary Macaque (EN). Targeted conservation efforts are necessary to ensure overall ecological stability and biodiversity conservation in northeastern Algeria. Notably, several species identified in this study are protected by national law. This foundational data provides valuable guidance for environmental managers and conservationists, facilitating efforts to safeguard mammalian biodiversity in the Mila region.